BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. The theory of aesthetics started controversies over its legitimate existence as a fully developed science. Alexander Baumgarten was the first who used the word . On the 26th of May , German philosopher Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg. He famously.

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He wants rather to make the ideas he awakens in us so vivid that at the moment we believe that we feel the real impressions which the objects of these ideas would produce baumgraten us. We can consider the cognition of the soul in different respects; either in so far as it is true or false, which I call the material aspect in cognition; baungarten in so far as arouses pleasure or displeasure, has as its consequence the approval or disapproval of the soul, and this can be called the formal aspect in cognition.

The faculty of approval should be distinguished from the faculties of cognition and desire, since it aestheticaa not aim at the same results they do. The practical aim of the Critical Poetics was to elevate baumgartrn tone of German popular theater and moderate the Baroque excesses of the upper-class theater by recommending the model of the classical French theater of Racine and Corneille.

The next year he became a village vicar and was able to devote himself to natural history and archaeology. Vorreden zur Metaphysikp.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Aida marked it as to-read Jan 08, Tolstoy opposed “Baumgarten’s trinity — Good, Truth and Beauty…. He expands upon this contrast in the essay on Sculpture:.

In fact, Herder suggests two different classifications of the arts, and a central challenge baumharten the interpretation of his aesthetics is to see how they are connected. The most general rule is simply that art should imitate nature, so that in order to be beautiful art must imitate what is beautiful in nature.



Thus far we have considered only Wolff’s most abstract definition of perfection and therefore of beauty, namely that it is the coherence of a manifold insofar as we aestthetica perceive that through the sensation of pleasure.

Elie added it Jul 25, According to Riedel, aesthetic theories can be divided into those employing the methods of Aristotle, Baumgarten, or Kames: It is this liveliness rather than probative clarity which awsthetica the basis of aesthetic experience. Mendelssohn worked within the framework of Wolffian metaphysics and psychology, and thus he accepted the definition of sensible perception as clear but confused cognition.

With his connection of the pleasure in experiencing emotions to the pleasure of experiencing mental activity as such he brought Wolffian aesthetics a step closer to contemporary British aesthetics. JF May 26, We would then take the name partly in its transcendental meaning, and partly in the psychological meaning. The fourth Grove is cast as a critique of Alexandre Theory of the Fine Sciences and Artsas earlier noted, but also continues the debate with Lessing.

The Critical Poetics opens with a brief history of poetry rather than with a statement of theoretical principles, but bsumgarten first chapter concludes with a similar suggestion that the point of poetry is to make moral truths alive through their presentation in a form accessible to our senses: This line of thought was emphasized by Jean-Baptiste Du Bos in his Critical Reflections on Poetry, Painting, and Musicpublished in France in and widely known throughout Europe even before it was translated into other bahmgarten.

Thus he aoexander that. Here Baumgarten is importing the traditional rhetorical concepts of inventiodispositio and elocutio into his system, and conceiving of the latter two, the harmony of the thoughts and aestherica harmony of the expression with the thoughts, as the dimensions in which the potentials for pleasure within our distinctively sensible manner of representing and thinking are realized.

A.G. Baumgarten, The Man Who ‘Invented’ Aesthetics | A R T L▼R K

On the aesthetixa, the argument of the essay on Alxeander is that the best art of different times and places—for example, the theater of Sophocles and that of Shakespeare—must differ baumagrten precisely because at aestheticz deepest level they are committed to the same principle— the truthful imitation of nature —but have different natures to imitate.


Retrieved from ” https: The good is the perfect attained by the moral will. What would he not do to transform his sight into touch, to make his seeing into a form of touching that feels in the dark….

Thank you for your feedback. Your blog is needed very much! Thus Mendelssohn writes, first with reference to the power of cognition but then with reference to desire as well, that.

He later turned away from Kant, whom he saw as having himself turned away from an empirical approach to philosophy to one that is excessively abstract and a priori. Baumgarten was the son of a Pietist minister from Berlin, but was orphaned by the time he was eight.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Lichanos May 26, There are no discussion topics on this book yet. This perfection of spirit arouses an uncommonly greater pleasure than mere similarity, because it is more worthy and far more complex than similarity. The second idea that Wolff took over from Leibniz is the idea that pleasure is itself the sensory perception of the perfection existing in an object.

Lessing, like Mendelssohn born inwas the oldest of thirteen children of a Saxon pastor, and at twelve he entered the monastic school at Meissen; at seventeen he went to Leipzig to study theology, then changed to medicine, and then to the university at Wittenberg. To be sure, he often emphasizes the latter aspect of the value of art more than the former; for example, he writes. Mendelssohn was instrumental in introducing the topic of the sublime into Baumgatren aesthetics, publishing a lengthy review of Burke’s book on the beautiful and the sublime injust a year after it appeared in England reprinted in Mendelssohn, Gesammelte Schriftenvolume 4, pp.