AQUILARIA SUBINTEGRA PDF
The following species of Aquilaria trees can be found in Papua New Guinea: Aquilaria sinensis, Aquilaria subintegra, Aquilaria beccariana. Aquilaria subintegra. Kingdom: Plantae. taxon_id: Order: Myrtales. Genus : Aquilaria. Species: subintegra. Full name: Aquilaria subintegra. AuthorYear. Incubation with microbial culture supernatants improved essential oil yield from Aquilaria subintegra woodchips. The harvested woodchips.
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There are many different species of Aquilaria trees that can turn into agarwood when wounded either naturally or artificially. Various species can be found in different locations all over the world. The properties of agarwood and agarwood oil produced from these trees may differ slightly depending on the region where they grow. Currently, there are 21 species of Aquilaria trees recognized in the world:.
The following species of Aquilaria trees can be found in Papua New Guinea: Aquilaria sinensis, Aquilaria subintegra, Aquilaria beccariana, Aquilaria microcarpa, and Aquilaria urdanetensis. Papuan agarwood is specific due to a large amount of wild naturally-produced resin.
However, the smoke produced from burning the wood is not suitable for fumigation. At the same time, the clothing can be scented. The scent of burned Papuan agarwood is herbal and grassy. The oldest species of Aquilaria trees are found in Indonesia: Aquilaria beccariana, Aquilaria apiculate, Aquilaria cumingiana, Aquilaria filarial, Aquilaria hirta, Aquilaria malaccensis, and Aquilaria microcarpa. There is a strong belief that Indonesian wood is the highest quality agarwood in the world.
Unfortunately, the tree population is diminishing every. When burned, the chips of the Borneo wood create a very dense smoke and the most long-lasting burn. The first scent is similar to damp earth, grass, and sweet herbs.
Then the wooden smell takes over. Due to the spicy and woody scent, these agarwood species are subingegra for scenting clothing. Aquilaria khasiana crassna or krassna and Aquilaria banaense species are found in Vietnam. Aquilaria Crassna is a protected tree in Vietnam since the numbers are dangerously dwindling.
In Vietnam you can also find the rare agarwood type called Kinam Ky nam which is obtained from the roots of Agarwood and used mostly for medical purposes. It has a very unique scent and chemical composition.
Aquilaria subintegra – Wikispecies
Kinam is most likely Aquilaria crassna or Aquilaria malaccensis species, however, since the tree is very rare, the proper research is yet to be done. Vietnamese Agarwood species are considered to be the most versatile since they are used for many different purposes, including scenting the clothing. Thailand has many different Aquilaria species that still can be found in the old woods. Aquilaria Crassna, Aquilaria subintegra, Aquilaria bailloniiAquilaria malaccensis and Aquilaria subintegra are among the most popular Aquilaria species in the modern world.
There are many Agarwood plantations in Thailand that deal with artificial inoculation of different Aquilaria species. The resin produced by artificial inoculation is still fragrant and can be used for scenting clothing. However, there is a slight lingering sour scent.
Hong Kong is home to the Aquilaria Sinensis. The Chinese use the extract of leaves for medicinal purposes. This makes it even more difficult to keep these species alive. The tree is protected in Hong Kong. The aroma of the species that grow in this country is sweet and has some earthy undertones. The Agarwood produced by these species has a deep woody smoke. There is a very large population of old Agarwood trees in Malaysia.
However, most of them have been artificially inoculated. The scent is rich and spicy and great for scenting clothing.
Aquilaria Baillonii and Aquilaria Crassna can be found in Cambodia. This wood is the second most popular after Indian.
It gives of a relaxing and tranquilizing scent. Over harvesting almost completely depleted the Agarwood population in Cambodia.
The scent produced by this wood is pleasing and spicy. Laotian wood is hard to find. Aquilaria Malaccensis and Aquilaria Crassna can be found in Bhutan. Only a few trees are left in the country. There are no any natural Agarwood forests found there. Special plantations are established to recover the population of Agarwood trees for artificial inoculation. Aquilaria Malaccensis can be found in Burma.
The wood is rather high quality and similar to what was available in India over a century ago. Eastern Burmese wood is aquularia to the Vietnamese Agarwood varieties. Aquilaria crassna is a big tree that can reach 30 meters in height. The diameter of the trank varies from 0.
The bark is greyish brown.
The leaves are ovate oblong and oval. Their length varies from 5 to 11 cm in width. The edges are hair. The flowers aquiladia small and pale yellow. The calyx is bell-shaped. The flower about 4 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. Aquilaria Sinensis is a tall evergreen tree. Its height varies from 5 to 20 meters. The bark can be different shades of grey.
The wood is white to light yellow. The leaves are leather-like and have an elliptic shape. They are usually about 5 to 10 cm long and 2 to 4 cm wide. The flowers are subintegga and greenish and emit a strong fragrance.
Aquilaria subintegra – Useful Tropical Plants
The fruit is about 3 cm long and opens when ripened. One or two seeds are produced by the fruit. Aquilaria Malccensis is a tall tree that reaches 20 — 40 meters in height. The young bark of this tree is light brown in color and features some hairs. Older bark is smooth and white to yellowish in color. Leaves are elliptic and lanceolate they alternate. They are about 3 — 4 cm wide and 6 — 8 cm long. Flowers are yellowish green and white. They are about 5 long and very fragrant. The fruits are green and egg-shaped.
They are about 4 cm usbintegra and 2. Each fruit has two seeds. The seeds are ovoid and dark brown. Aquilaris are covered with brownish red hair. This tree grows to a height of about 20 meters and is about 40 — 60 cm in diameter.
The leaf shape is epileptic-oblong. The size is 50 cm and the color is greenish-yellow. Subintegra species are divided into two classes. Class 1 has small leaves with pointed ends. Each class is divided into three types depending on the trunk. Type 1 has reddish black bark and a large trunk. Type two has whitish grey to white bark. Type 3 has white to silver-grey bark and small trunk. Class 2 of Subintegra has long slender leaves and is also divided aqkilaria types depending on the trunk appearance.
Type 1 has reddish black bark and a big trunk. Type 2 jas whitish grey with green bark.
Type 3 has whitish grey bark and a small trunk. Class 3 of Subintegra species has large leaves and parallel lines with fine fiber. Type 1 has reddish o black bark.
Type 2 has whitish grey and green bark. Type 3 has a very big trunk and black bark with a silky surface. Most of the Agarwood species are currently protected in different countries.