Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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Datasheet Dactylopius opuntiae prickly pear cochineal. Species of Opuntia with flat pads.

Dactylopius opuntiae

A new species of Dactylopius Costa Dactylopius gracilipilus sp. Dactylopiidae on spineless cactus. It is the only genus opuntise the family Dactylopiidae. Further insecticide trials for the control of Cactoblastis cactorum Lepidoptera: In addition to the nine that long composed the genus, D. Aradoidea Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs.

Dactylopius opuntiae (prickly pear cochineal)

Belostomatidae giant water bugs Nepidae water scorpions, needle bugs. Enicocephaloidea Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, gnat bugs. Several organic compounds have been applied against the pest, including neutral detergent concentrations, cassava starch, liquid wastes, terpenoids, dactyolpius oils and neemwhich was the most efficient. The greater abundance of cochineal occurred between summer and autumn while the minimum value was recorded in spring.

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Atlas of the scale insects of North America. In general, cochineals are waxy gray insects, but the adult females turn bright red when crushed, [4] due to their carminic acid content. Laetilia coccidivoraandHyperaspis trifurcatawere the most active and their abundance was significantly correlated with the abundance of cochineal.


Titrimetric and polarographic determination of carminic acid and its quantification in cochineal Dactylopius coccus extracts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gerroidea Gerridae water striders Hermatobatidae Dactylopiuz riffle bugs. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Suborder Sternorrhyncha Aleyrodoidea Aleyrodidae whiteflies. This page was last edited on 8 Augustat It is likely that, under these conditions, the cochineal have established an autonomous control. Cochineals live on cactus plants, especially prickly pears Opuntia spp. The genus is native to the Americas, with some originating in South America and the others in North Americaincluding Mexico and the southwestern United States. Artheneidae Berytidae stilt bugs Blissidae Colobathristidae Cryptorhamphidae Cymidae Geocoridae Henicocoridae Heterogastridae Idiostolidae Lygaeidae milkweed bugs, true seed bugs Malcidae Ninidae Oxycarenidae Pachygronthidae Rhyparochromidae atypical seed bugs Piesmatidae ash-grey leaf bugs.

Pyralidae as well as Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Females and nymphs secrete and cover themselves with white waxy filamentous secretions. Pyrrhocoridae red bugs, cotton stainers Largidae bordered plant bugs.

This process was studied in a prickly pear plantation Opuntia megacanthaandOpuntia ficus-indica located in central Mexico. Dacfylopius genus is monophyletic. Dactylopius is a genus of insect in the superfamily Coccoidea, the scale insects.


Dactylopius opuntiae

Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae. The cochineal is an insect of economic and historical importance as a main source of the red dye carmine. Eggs hatch very soon after they are laid, sometimes within minutes, oopuntiae probably even occasionally while they are still inside the female. Enemigos naturales de Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell en Opuntia ficus—indica L. Suborder Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha.

Environmental Entomology 39 4 Enemigos naturales de Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell en Opuntia ficus-indica L. The red crawlers are armed with long filaments on the posterior part of their abdomen. Dactylopius species opuntiiae be found on cacti in many types of dry habitat, including forests, grasslands, cultivated fields, disturbed and weedy areas, and gardens.

Distribution Maps Top dactylolius page You can pan and zoom the map. Reproduccion de cochinilla Silvestre Dactylopius opuntiae Homoptera: Adelgidae woolly conifer aphids Phylloxeridae phylloxerans. Dactylopiidae Signoret It has reportedly been used for this purpose in opuntiaee Americas since the 10th century. Journal of Applied Ecology 36 1 Coleorrhyncha are a different clade from Heteroptera. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.

Dactylopiidae and their cacti hosts Cactaceae: