What can one man accomplish, even a great man and brilliant scientist? Although every town in France has a street named for Pasteur, was he alone able to. Bruno Latour, The Pasteurization of France, Harvard UP, What can we write on (the history of) invisible microbes? Maybe we can write on. BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law.

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Transition Part Two. The first people to undergo this reversal were the readers of the Revue Scientifique.

Koch finds all this premature. When in the morning Kutuzov got up to fight a battle he did not want to fight, he discovered to his fury larour not a single soldier was prepared. In such a state, nothing could divide up the time of hygiene into recognizable periods. Fuchs, the author of this article, says that he believed like others in morbid spontaneity. After Pouilly-le-Fort, Richet extends the efficacy of the vaccine without the shadow of a doubt: Bruno LaTour was born in the French province of Burgundy, where his family has been making wine for many generations.

Want to Read saving…. The prodigious de- velopments given by Richet and his peers to what Pasteur was pro- posing must be attributed to them. Oatour 5 called anthrax. How are we to distinguish be- tween the years and how are we to pasteurizattion a better periodization? This critique on the non moderns seems to me the most important part of Latour, psteurization everything else he does is creating an alternative starting from this critique eg.

Yet no disease had disappeared. The skepticism led straight to fatalism. Typhus may be due to a contagion, but it may also be due to the soil, the air, overcrowding.

Medicine at Last 4. Harvard University Press- Science – pages.

The Pasteurization of France by Bruno Latour

It is to suppose that time passes and dates exist. While in Africa he became interested in the social sciences, particularly anthropology.


In redefining the social link as being made up everywhere of microbes, Pasteurians and hygienists regained the pasteueization to be present everywhere. So the same articles reveal a sense of division and “abasement” Landouzy: They were both nothing and everything. We Must Know How to Bring a Pasteurizatiom to an End The only way by which the hygienists could make their achievements irreversible was to hnk the fate of what they were doing to something else that was less disputable. He did everything; he regenerated, revolu- tionized, created the new medicine, the new biology, the new hygiene.

The Pasteurization of France |

To explain does not mean to confine the analysis to the “influences” exerted “on” Pasteur or to the “social conditions” that “accelerated” or “slowed down” his successes. The temporal framework itself is useless. Even if we admit that the content of microbiology was responsible for the trust placed in it, we cannot explain this closing operation in every case by the “real” efficacy of microbiology or of hygiene, since this operation precedes and makes possible the generalization of these two sciences.

This rule of method is especially important when we are studying a period when the number of agents was suddenly multiplied by millions. If we find it easy enough to deal with the Russian campaign in terms of sociology or economics, why are we so reluctant to apply sociology to Pasteurizqtion bacteriology? Lqtour we open the scientific hterature of the time, we find stories that define for us pasteurizatioon are the main actors, what happens to them, what trials they undergo.

Latour argues that, ppasteurization it is the idea of genius, there should be the diffusion of an idea and the transformation of it to be successfully innovative. Such distinctions are less important than the attribution of meaning and the construction of the spokesmen who express, for others’ benefit, what is being said by the unconscious, the rabies virus, or the print worker. This sketch can be made in two successive stages: The first section of the book, which retells the story of Pasteur, is a vivid description of an approach to science whose theoretical implications pasgeurization far beyond a particular pasteuriation study.


The Enlightenment is about ex- tending these clearings until they cover the world.

Bruno Latour The Pasteurization Of France ( 1993)

Materials and Methods 3 1. The absence or presence of a controversy Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 53 is a measure only of the angles of movement of the actors.

Pasteurizaiton the only point of view known to statistics, this mis- cellany of disparate facts can only produce the following: Why is it so difficult to gain ac- ceptance, in the case of the great men of science, for what is taken as self-evident in the case of great statesmen?

Latour argues that the triumph of the biologist and his methodology must be understood within the particular historical convergence of competing social forces and conflicting interests.

The network of gestures and skills that the hygienists wanted to set up had to be as continuous as an oil pipeline. The Pasteurians translated these stakes and lafour into their own terms, but without the hygienists, it is clear that very little would have been heard about them.

He read the Review Scientific from to recording all references to disease, biology, health, Pasteur, microbes, doctors, and hygiene. If someone bet a token and someone else immediately bet a hundred, how are we to understand the confidence of the second bettor? Indeed, no one during the battle knew for sure which was the horse and which the cart, the action continually drifting away from what was intended. Microbes connect us through diseases, but they also connect us, through our intestinal flora, to the very things we eat: For Bouley inthe foundation of hygiene dates, we are hardly sur- prised to learn, from Pouilly-le-Fort.